|UNIT 3: LESSON 12:
How do characters affect the plot of a story?
Main Selection: "The Science Fair" by Susan Wojciechowski
Genre: Realistic Fiction
Realistic fiction is a story with events that could happen in real life.
Target Skill: Story Structure
structure is the setting, characters, and plot of a story.
Understanding the elements of story structure can help readers enjoy
and understand stories. Readers can use a story map to record what they
are learning about the characters, setting, and plot.
Target Strategy: Visualize
visualize means to see pictures in your mind of a story's setting,
characters, and actions. Visualizing the story structure helps you to
understand how characters, story events, and the setting look, feel,
Fluency: Stress: Emphasis
good readers read aloud, they know which words to emphasize to add
meaning to the text. Understanding the text helps readers know which
words to stress. Punctuation and italics can also help readers know
which words and phrases to stress.
Parent Support: Reading
Parent Support: Fluency
Elements of a Story
Understanding Story Structure
Target Strategy: Idioms
idiom is an expression with a special meaning different from the usual
meanings of the individual words. Idioms cannot be understood from the
literal meanings of the words themselves.
creative - inventive and imaginative
report - to tell or write about something
charts - information sheets with tables or graphs
educational - providing knowledge
presentation - a report or display
certificate - document recognizing an accomplishment
impressive - generating wonder or amazement
erupt - to burst out
Homophones are words that sound the same but are spelled differently and have different meanings.
hole, whole, its, it's, hear, here, won
one, our, hour, their, there, fur, fir
Grammar: More Proper Nouns
Nouns that name a particular person or pet are called proper nouns. Always begin a proper noun with a capital letter.
that name a particular place are proper nouns. Particular places
include streets, cities and towns, states, countries, schools, parks,
river, and lakes. Always being the names of particular places with a
Other proper nouns, such as geographical names and
historical periods also need to be capitalized. Some examples: Grand
Canyon, Great Smoky Mountain, the Dark Ages, and the Renaissance.
Writing: Write to Narrate: Humorous Poem
Focus Trait: Word Choice
What makes a great humorous poem?
The use of onomatopoeia and exact words help the reader picture what is happening and make the poem lively.
The topic is presented at the beginning of the poem and captures the reader's imagination.
Funny words and situations keep the reader amused.
The actions are in order, and the characters are clearly described.
The poem has a conclusion, which is often a final action.
Writing a great descriptive paragraph or humorous poem involves many steps.
1. Prewrite: Complete a web map in order to get your ideas on paper.
Begin a draft using the prewrite web map. Write a topic sentence that
tells the main idea, and supporting sentences that use exact words and
sensory details to support the main idea. End the paragraph with a
closing sentence that restates the topic sentence in a different way.
3. Revise and Edit:
Revise your writing by using exact words and sensory details. Edit your
paragraph by proofreading for spelling, capitals and punctuation.
4. Final Copy: After revising and editing, write a final copy of your paragraph.
Parent Support: Writing